Eleven objections of the Rejecters of Hadith answered
Question 1 :
The rejecters of Hadith say that Hadith cannot be accorded legal status since Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam prohibited the recording of Hadith
Hadith was recorded in the era of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam, even though it was restricted to a few individuals only. The prohibition of writing either referred to writing it with Qur’anic text, or it was directed to the common people who were unskilled in writing whilst special individuals were excluded from this prohibition. Similarly, it could be said that the prohibition was abrogated. Similarly, the nature of the Hadith prohibiting Hadith transcription is disputable; it is either marfu‘ or mawquf. With all the possible responses to it, as well as the difference of opinion regarding rafa’and waqf, it cannot be used to oppose authentic marfu‘ Ahadith.
Question 2 :
The rejecters of Hadith say that the Qur’an Majid was revealed in the Arabic language as stated in the verse: ‘We have revealed an Arabic Qur’an’,59 and the Qur’an also says: ‘In clear Arabic language’.60 Therefore, if the Qur’an has been revealed in clear Arabic language, knowledge of Arabic is sufficient to understand its contents and there is no need for Hadith.
Sahabah Radiallahu Anhum were masters of the Arabic language,but they were in need of Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam’s clarification. This point is illustrated with the following examples:
When the verse إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ وَمَلَـٰٓٮِٕڪَتَهُ ۥ يُصَلُّونَ عَلَى ٱلنَّبِىِّۚ يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ صَلُّواْ عَلَيۡهِ وَسَلِّمُواْ تَسۡلِيمًا was revealed, the Sahabah Radiallahu Anhum told Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam that they were aware of the manner of Salaam, but they were unaware of the method of Salat. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam then taught them how to convey Salat upon him after reciting the Tash-ahhud.
Similarly, when the following verse was revealed ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ وَلَمۡ يَلۡبِسُوٓاْ إِيمَـٰنَهُم بِظُلۡمٍ أُوْلَـٰٓٮِٕكَ لَهُمُ ٱلۡأَمۡنُ وَهُم مُّهۡتَدُونَ Surah AlAnaam 82
The Sahabah Radiallahu Anhum said, ‘Who among us has not oppressed himself?’ Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam told them that a specific type of oppression was referred to, which is polytheism and not sins in general.(Sahih Al-Bukhari Hadeeth No-4629)
Similarly, Sayyidah Aayesha Radiallahu Anha had a misunderstanding about the following verse:
She told Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam that according to what she heard from him, anyone who is called to give an account of their deeds will ultimately be punished. However, this verse speaks about giving an account but it is silent about chastisement. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam resolved her misunderstanding by telling her that only those who will be instructed to give a detailed account of their deeds will be punished. The Hisaab in the above verse refers to one’s deeds merely being presented without being compelled to account for it.
Similarly, a Sahabi by the name of ‘Adi Ibn Hatim Radiallahu Anhu had a misunderstanding regarding the following verse:
He understood the verse in its literal sense, thereby implying a white thread and a black thread. Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam informed him that the white thread was a reference to day and the black thread, to night. Therefore, one intending to fast could continue eating as long as the night remains.
With the crack of dawn, Suhur should be terminated.
It is evident from these few examples that mastery over the Arabic language is insufficient to understand the Qur’an Majid and grasp its contents.
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